Usambara Mountains - Kilimanjaro, Tanga

Pare Mountains[The Eastern Arch] - Kilimanjaro

Pangani[great beaches in in the east north Tanzania] - Tanga Coast

Crabs in Pangani coast - Tanga Coast

Olduvai Gorge in Ngorongoro

Flamingo's in Lake Natron

Aerial view

NASA Satelite View of Lake Natron and Mt. Oldoinyo Lengai

Olduvai Gorge in Ngorongoro

Lake Eyasi

Lake Victoria - North West Tanzania

Lake Tanganyika Coastline at Gombe Stream National Park

Fish in Lake Tanganyika

NASA Satelite view of Lake Tanganyika - The second deepest lake in the world


Places of Interest
Location Name of place
Northern Circuit Usambara Mountains
  Pare Mountains
  Oldoinyo Lengai
  Lake Eyasi
  Olduvai Gorge
Eastern Circuit Zanzibar


Southern Circuit  
Western Lake Victoria
  Lake Tanganyika

Usambara Mountains The Usambara Mountains in north-eastern Tanzania, divide into East Usambaras, which end in the coastal area before Tanga , and the West Usambaras with Lushoto , Many lovers of flowers will know the African violet which was discovered at the end of the 19th century and then started its triumphant spread around the world. The Usambara Mountains extend parallel to the Kenyan boarder in the north. These mighty mountains come up to an altitude of more than 2,000 meters. Above 2,000 meters even slight frost might occur, visible as a very thin layer on standing water. Many tourists are suprised to find a climate similar to that of Europe in the higher regions in contrast to the hot and dusty Maasai plains. Wonderful wanderings through forests, to waterfalls, plantations and up to various view points from where there is a fantastic view to the plains. On a clear day, even Kilimanjaro can be seen from the outermost western part.
Several restful lodges offer a pleasant setting for retrieve after a strenuous safari.


Pare Mountains The outlining Pare Mountains , in north-eastern Tanzania situated close to Mt. Kilimanjaro , stretch parallel along the outlining Kenyan boarder. Similar to the Usambara Mountains , hikes can be organized through forests, to waterfalls, such as, the Thornton Falls which is the highest in all of Africa. A climb to Shengena Peak , the highest peak of the Pare Mountains (2,462 m), is possible, as well as climbs to various viewing points which offer a breathtaking view to the plains of Mkomazi Game Reserve . Tours and visits to the local people in order to get learn about their culture can be organized as well.
A visit to Mkomazi Game Reserve can be easily done from the Pare Mountains.


Tanga and Pangani Region, the coastal country in the north-east This strip with its wonderful broad beaches, south of Tanga up to Pangani and beyond, matches the beauty and splendour to that of the beaches on the island of Zanzibar . There are a several beach-front lodges located along the coast which offer guests a very pleasant stay in a quiet scenic surroundings. One might think the beach belongs to oneself. This region is especially suitable for tourists who would want to spend some enjoyable and pleasant days at the ocean. Besides the lovely beaches the guests can go out on an Ngalawa , a medium sized fishing boat, and snorkel by the reef in crystal-clear waters.
The Amboni Caves are north of Tanga , a cave system with an area of 234 km² which extends to Mombasa in Kenya. They are cosidered the biggest cave system in East Africa. These limestone caves were once washed out by the ocean.
The town of Tanga was the scene of a big battle during the first world war. There still exist many buildings from the German colonial time. As tourism isn't wide-spread, it's no problem to walk in town without being bothered by anybody and then enjoy some samusas (hot minced meat or vegetables in a thin pocket of dough) in a local restaurant.


Zanzibar Hearing this name conjures the imagination. It's interesting to note that many people don't know where to find Tanzania, but the name Zanzibar sounds all too familiar. This pearl of an island situated in the Indian ocean east of the mainland, is famous for its spices. That's why it is called quite often the spice island. Enjoy a one day "spice tour" to the regions where the spices are grown and enjoy the variety of exotic scents.
A walk through Stone Town , the picturesque old town, is a nice experience as well. Including the neighbour islands of Pemba and Mafia , Zanzibar is also a paradise for those that love swimming, diving, deep sea fishing, water sports and much more.
There are many wonderful lodges and hotels offering beautiful beaches to relax on. Zanzibar is the perfect end-point from a safari on the mainland, especially after a strenuous climb of Mount Meru or Mount Kilimanjaro .


Oldonyo Lengai The Oldonyo Lengai with a height of 2,878 meters is the holy mountain of the Maasai , it's the "Mountain of God". Oldonyo Lengai is the only active vulcano in Tanzania. The big circular crater has a diametre of about 250 m. On the crater floor, hot air filled with carbon dioxyde fumes out of cone-shaped black funnels. The black lava bubbles inside the mountain at a temerature of 55°C and erupts in small thrusts. Oldonyo Lengai is the only vulcano on earth that ejects deep black lava. It's possible to organize climbs to the top.


Lake Natron This lake without any outlet is situated in the north of Tanzania where its northern part ends in Kenya. It could be considered as a hot kettle in interior Tanzania. This shallow lake, about 60 km long and 20 km broad, is the only breeding place for the flamingos in the rift valley.The purple violet and red brown colouring of big parts of the lake are caused by algaes and purple bacterias. These are the nutritional basis for the flamingos, who build their nest mounds on the water surface. Periodically, Lake Natron dries out completely whereby its white surface resembles the desert in Arizona. On the eastern side of the lake is the massive Mount Gelai with a height of 2,941 m. The top regions are covered with a pleasant cool jungle which is an ideal haven for animals, such as: elephant, buffalo, leopard, bushbuck, and a variety of other species.


Lake Eyasi is a salt lake lying at about 1000 m between the Eyasi escarpment in the North (an ancient fault line that is part of the Rift Valley system) and the Kidero Mountains in the South. It's a hot, dry area, around which live the Hadzabe (also known as the Hadzapi or Tindiga) people who are believed to have lived here for nearly 10,000 years. Today there are only a few hundred left. Their language is characterized by clicks and may be distantly related to that of the San (Bushmen) of South Africa. . . . The lifestyle of the Hadzabe still centres around hunting and gathering traditions . . . Access to the lake is difficult and only feasible on foot."


The lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater in the world. It is about 68,800 sq. km. Located in the North of Tanzania , the lake is shared by 3 other East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania .  However, more than half of the lake lies within Tanzanian territory. It is considered to be the source of River Nile that run through Uganda, Sudan, Egypt and pour its water in Mediterranean Sea. Near Mwanza and Musoma, there are countless small and large islands, which some of them turned to be wildlife sanctuary (Saanane Island) and National park ( Rubondo Island ) Regions around the lake are of high importance to the country's economy. A large percentage of coffee is farmed in Kagera, large percentage of cotton production and hides come from Mwanza and Mara. Gold is mined in Geita and Ulyankuru Shinyanga and Diamond in Mwadui Shinyanga (just south of Mwanza ). The lake itself is the source of protein and income to local people, main activities being fishing and tourism.


Lake Tanganyika, the domain of Cyphotilapia frontosa .  Africa has been home to this lake long before man walked the Earth, much longer.   Scientists estimate Lake Tanganyika's age between 9 to 12 million years.  At more than 4700 feet it's considered the second deepest lake in the world. To give some perspective on how deep that is, imagine the Sears Tower stacked on top of itself almost three times! However the water contains no oxygen past a depth of 770 feet in the south and 350 feet in the north.  Its length is 420 miles, a bit longer than the distance from Chicago to Pittsburgh. Its width is 45 miles at its widest point. Almost 1/6 of the world's freshwater is contained in Lake Tanganyika.The most successful family of fish in Lake Tanganyika, the Cichlidae , has about two hundred species and all except a few are found only there (endemic). Frontosa are, of course, a member of this family. The lake also contains one of the only freshwater jellyfish, numerous mollusks, sponges, and aquatic snakes that are endemic as well.

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